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Flag Deutsch - NavigationsmenüI would like to flag up one linguistic problem. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. Registrieren Einloggen. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten.
The German association with the colours black, red, and gold surfaced in the radical s, when the black-red-gold flag was used to symbolize the movement against the Conservative European Order that was established after Napoleon's defeat.
There are many theories in circulation regarding the origins of the colour scheme used in the flag. It has been proposed that the colours were those of the Jena Students' League Jenaer Burschenschaft , one of the radically minded Burschenschaften banned by Metternich in the Carlsbad Decrees ; the colours are mentioned in their canonical order in the seventh verse of August Daniel von Binzer 's student song Zur Auflösung der Jenaer Burschenschaft "On the Dissolution of the Jena Students' League" quoted by Johannes Brahms in his Academic Festival Overture.
Whatever the true explanation, these colours soon came to be regarded as the national colours of Germany during this brief period, and especially after their reintroduction during the Weimar period , they have become synonymous with liberalism in general.
The German national flag or Bundesflagge English: Federal flag , containing only the black-red-gold tricolour, was introduced as part of the West German constitution in This flag is also used by non-federal authorities to show their connection to the federal government, e.
The government flag of Germany is officially known as the Dienstflagge der Bundesbehörden state flag of the federal authorities or Bundesdienstflagge for short.
Introduced in , the government flag is the civil flag defaced with the Bundesschild "Federal Shield" , which overlaps with up to one fifth of the black and gold bands.
The government flag may only be used by federal government authorities and its use by others is an offence, punishable with a fine. In addition to the normal horizontal format, many public buildings in Germany use vertical flags.
Most town halls fly their town flag together with the national flag in this way; many town flags in Germany exist only in vertical form.
The proportions of these vertical flags are not specified. When flown from a vertical flagpole, the black band must face the staff.
Since the German armed forces Bundeswehr are a federal authority, the Bundesdienstflagge is also used as the German war flag on land.
In , the Dienstflagge der Seestreitkräfte der Bundeswehr Flag of the German Navy was introduced: the government flag ending in swallowtail.
The federal flag shall be black, red and gold. Following specifications set by the West German government in , the flag displays three bars of equal width and has a width—length ratio of ;  the tricolour used during the Weimar Republic had a ratio of At the time of the adoption of the flag there were no exact colour specifications other than "Black-Red-Gold ".
Vexillology rarely distinguishes between gold and yellow; in heraldry , they are both Or. For the German flag, such a distinction is made: the colour used in the flag is called gold, not yellow.
When the black—red—gold tricolour was adopted by the Weimar Republic as its flag, it was attacked by conservatives , monarchists , and the far right , who referred to the colours with spiteful nicknames such as Schwarz—Rot—Gelb black—red—yellow or even Schwarz—Rot—Senf black—red—mustard.
On 16 November , the Federal Court of Justice Bundesgerichtshof stated that the usage of "black—red—yellow" and the like had "through years of Nazi agitation, attained the significance of a malicious slander against the democratic symbols of the state" and was now an offence.
Following federal decree on 22 March , the flag must be flown from public buildings on the following dates. Not all of these days are public holidays.
Election days for the Bundestag and the European Parliament are also flag days in some states, in addition to other state-specific flag days.
The public display of flags to mark other events, such as the election of the president or the death of a prominent politician whereupon flags would be at half-staff , can be declared at the discretion of the Federal Ministry of the Interior.
A black mourning ribbon is instead attached, either atop the staff if hung from a pole or to each end of the flag's supporting cross-beams if flown like a banner.
After the late 13th or early 14th century, the claws and beak of the eagle were coloured red. From the early 15th century, a double-headed eagle was used.
Taking the colours of the banner of the Holy Roman Emperor, the flag of the Austrian Empire was black and gold. After this point, these colours continued to be used as the flag of Austria until The colours red and white were also significant during this period.
When the Holy Roman Empire took part in the Crusades , a war flag was flown alongside the black-gold imperial banner.
This flag, known as the "Saint George Flag", was a white cross on a red background: the reverse of the St George's Cross used as the flag of England , and similar to the flag of Denmark.
Hanseatic trading ships were identifiable by their red-white pennants, and most Hanseatic cities adopted red and white as their city colours see Hanseatic flags.
Red and white still feature as the colours of many former Hanseatic cities such as Hamburg or Bremen.
With the end of the Holy Roman Empire in , many of its dukes and princes joined the Confederation of the Rhine , a confederation of Napoleonic client states.
These states preferred to use their own flags. The confederation had no flag of its own; instead it used the blue-white-red flag of France and the Imperial Standard of its protector, Napoleon.
During the Napoleonic Wars , the German struggle against the occupying French forces was significantly symbolised by the colours of black, red, and gold, which became popular after their use in the uniforms of the Lützow Free Corps , a volunteer unit of the Prussian Army.
This unit had uniforms in black with red facings and gold buttons. The colour choice had pragmatic origins, even though black-red-gold were the former colours used by the Holy Roman Empire.
Gold-coloured buttons were widely available, and pennons used by the lancers in the unit were red and black.
At the time, the colours represented:. Out of the blackness black of servitude through bloody red battles to the golden gold light of freedom.
As the members of this unit came from all over Germany and included a modest but well known number of university students and academics, the Lützow Free Corps and their colours gained considerable exposure among the German people.
The —16 Congress of Vienna led to the creation of the German Confederation , a loose union of all remaining German states after the Napoleonic Wars.
The confederation did not have a flag of its own, although the black-red-gold tricolour is sometimes mistakenly attributed to it.
Upon returning from the war, veterans of the Lützow Free Corps founded the Urburschenschaft fraternity in Jena in June The Jena Urburschenschaft eventually adopted a flag with three equal horizontal bands of red, black, and red, with gold trim and a golden oak branch across the black band, following the colours of the uniforms of the Free Corps.
Some members interpreted the colors as a rebirth of the Imperial black-yellow colors embellished with the red of liberty or the blood of war.
More radical students exclaimed that the colors stood for the black night of slavery, the bloody struggle for liberty, and the golden dawn of freedom.
In a memoir, Anton Probsthan of Mecklenburg, who served in the Lützow Free Corps, claimed his relative Fraulein Nitschke of Jena presented the Burschenschaft with a flag at the time of its foundation, and for this purpose chose the black-red-and-gold colors of the defunct secret society Vandalia.
Since the students who served in the Lützow Free Corps came from various German states, the idea of a unified German state began to gain momentum within the Urburschenschaft and similar Burschenschaft that were subsequently formed throughout the Confederation.
On 18 October , the fourth anniversary of the Battle of Leipzig , hundreds of fraternity members and academics from across the Confederation states met in Wartburg in Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in modern Thuringia , calling for a free and unified German nation.
The gold-red-black flag of the Jena Urburschenschaft featured prominently at this Wartburg festival. Therefore, the colours black, red, and gold eventually became symbolic of this desire for a unified German state.
The Ministerial Council of the German Confederation, in its determination to maintain the status quo,  enacted the Carlsbad Decrees of that banned all student organisations, officially putting an end to the Burschenschaften.
In May , around 30, people demonstrated at the Hambach Festival for freedom, unity, and civil rights. The colours black, red, and gold had become a well established symbol for the liberal, democratic and republican movement within the German states since the Wartburg Festival, and flags in these colours were flown en masse at the Hambach Festival.
While contemporary illustrations showed prominent use of a gold-red-black tricolour an upside-down version of the modern German flag , surviving flags from the event were in black-red-gold.
Such an example is the Ur-Fahne , the flag flown from Hambach Castle during the festival: a black-red-gold tricolour where the red band contains the inscription Deutschlands Wiedergeburt Germany's rebirth.
This flag is now on permanent display at the castle. In the Springtime of the Peoples during the Revolutions of , revolutionaries took to the streets, many flying the tricolour.
Liberals took power and, after prolonged deliberation, a national assembly was formulated. This Frankfurt Parliament declared the black-red-gold as the official colours of Germany and passed a law stating its civil ensign was the black-red-yellow tricolour.
In , the Frankfurt Parliament collapsed, and the German Confederation was restored under Austrian presidency, who suppressed the actions of the failed Frankfurt Parliament, including the tricolour.
Afterwards, the most pressing issue was whether or not to include Austria in any future German nation, as Austria's status as a multi-ethnic empire complicated the dream of a united Greater Germany—the grossdeutsch solution.
Alternatively, there was the kleindeutsch Lesser German solution for a Germany that encompassed only German lands and excluded Austria.
During the war, the southern states allied with Austria adopted the black-red-gold tricolour as their flag, and the 8th German Army Corps also wore black-red-gold armbands.
Following the dissolution of the German Confederation, Prussia formed its unofficial successor, the North German Confederation , in with the signing of the Confederation Treaty in August and then the ratification of the Constitution of This national state consisted of Prussia, the largest member state, and 21 other north German states.
The question regarding what flag should be adopted by the new confederation was first raised by the shipping sector and its desire to have an internationally recognisable identity.
Virtually all international shipping that belonged to the confederation originated from either Prussia or the three Hanseatic city-states of Bremen , Hamburg , and Lübeck.
Based on this, Adolf Soetbeer, secretary of the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce, suggested in the Bremer Handelsblatt on 22 September that any planned flag should combine the colours of Prussia black and white with the Hanseatic colours red and white.
In the following year, the constitution of the North German Confederation was enacted, where a horizontal black-white-red tricolour was declared to be both the civil and war ensign.
King Wilhelm I of Prussia was satisfied with the colour choice: the red and white were also taken to represent the Margraviate of Brandenburg , the Imperial elector state that was a predecessor of the Kingdom of Prussia.
A new constitution of gave the federal state the new name of German Empire and the Prussian king the title of Emperor.
The German Empire retained black, white, and red as its national colours. The black-white-red tricolour remained the flag of Germany until the end of the German Empire in , in the final days of World War I.
Following the declaration of the German republic in and the ensuing revolutionary period , the so-called Weimar Republic was founded in August To form a continuity between the anti-autocratic movement of the 19th century and the new democratic republic, the old black-red-gold tricolour was designated as the national German flag in the Weimar Constitution in As a civil ensign, the black-white-red tricolour was retained, albeit with the new tricolour in the top left corner.
This change was not welcomed by many people in Germany, who saw this new flag as a symbol of humiliation following Germany's defeat in the First World War.
In the Reichswehr , the old colours continued to be used in various forms. Many conservatives wanted the old colours to return, while monarchists and the far right were far more vocal with their objections, referring to the new flag with various derogatory names see Colour above.
As a compromise, the old black-white-red flag was reintroduced in to represent German diplomatic missions abroad. The symbols of Imperial Germany became symbols of monarchist and nationalist protest and were often used by monarchist and nationalist organisations e.
Der Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten. This included the Reichskriegsflagge war flag of the Reich , which has been revived in the present for similar use.
This organisation was formed to protect the fragile democracy of the Weimar Republic, which was under constant pressure by both the far right and far left.
Through this organisation, the black-red-gold flag became not only a symbol of German democracy, but also of resistance to political extremism.
This was summarised by the organisation's first chairman, Otto Hörsing , who described their task as a "struggle against the swastika and the Soviet star ".
In the face of the increasingly violent conflicts between the communists and Nazis, the growing polarisation of the German population and a multitude of other factors, mainly the drastic economic sinking, extreme hyperinflation and corruption of the republic, the Weimar Republic collapsed in with the Nazi seizure of power Machtergreifung and the appointment of Adolf Hitler as German chancellor.
After the Nazi Party came to power on 30 January , the black-red-gold flag was swiftly scrapped; a ruling on 12 March established two legal national flags: the reintroduced black-white-red imperial tricolour and the flag of the Nazi Party.
On 15 September , one year after the death of Reich President Paul von Hindenburg and Hitler's elevation to the position of Führer , the dual flag arrangement was ended, with the exclusive use of the Nazi flag as the national flag of Germany.
One reason may have been the " Bremen incident" of 26 July , in which a group of demonstrators in New York City boarded the ocean liner SS Bremen , tore the Nazi Party flag from the jackstaff , and tossed it into the Hudson River.
When the German ambassador protested, US officials responded that the German national flag had not been harmed, only a political party symbol.
The design of the Nazi flag was introduced by Hitler as the party flag in mid, roughly a year before 29 July he became his political party's leader: a flag with a red background, a white disk and a black swastika Hakenkreuz in the middle.
In Mein Kampf , Hitler explained the process by which the Nazi flag design was created: It was necessary to use the same colours as Imperial Germany, because in Hitler's opinion they were "revered colours expressive of our homage to the glorious past and which once brought so much honour to the German nation.
An off-centred disk version of the swastika flag was used as the civil ensign on German-registered civilian ships and was used as the jack on Kriegsmarine the name of the German Navy , — warships.
From to at least , the Nazis sometimes "sanctified" swastika flags by touching them with the Blutfahne blood flag , the swastika flag used by Nazi paramilitaries during the failed Beer Hall Putsch in This ceremony took place at every Nuremberg Rally.
It is unknown whether this tradition was continued after the last Nuremberg rally in Although there was neither a national German government nor a German flag, German ships were required by international law to have a national ensign of some kind.
As a provisional civil ensign of Germany, the Council designated the international signal pennant Charlie representing the letter C ending in a swallowtail , known as the C-Pennant C-Doppelstander.
The Council ruled that "no ceremony shall be accorded this flag which shall not be dipped in salute to warships or merchant ships of any nationality".
West of the Oder—Neisse line , the German states were reorganised along the lines of the zones of occupation , and new state governments were established.
Within the American zone, the northern halves of the former states of Württemberg and Baden were merged to form Württemberg-Baden in As its flag, Württemberg-Baden adopted the black-red-gold tricolour.
In , Württemberg-Baden became part of the modern German state of Baden-Württemberg , whose flag is black and gold. Two other states that were created after the war, Rhineland-Palatinate French zone and Lower Saxony British zone , chose to use the black-red-gold tricolour as their flag, defaced with the state's coat of arms.
This led to the use of the black-red-gold for two reasons: the colours did not relate particularly to any one of the previous states, and using the old flag from the Weimar Republic was intended to be a symbol of the new democracy.
With relations deteriorating between the Soviet Union and the United States , the three western Allies met in March to merge their zones of occupation and allow the formation of what became the Federal Republic of Germany, commonly known as West Germany.
During the preparation of the new constitution for West Germany, discussions regarding its national symbols took place in August during a meeting at Herrenchiemsee.
Although there were objections to the creation of a national flag before reunification with the east, it was decided to proceed.
This decision was primarily motivated by the proposed constitution by the eastern SED in November ,  where black-red-gold were suggested as the colours for a future German republic.
While there were other suggestions for the new flag for West Germany,  the final choice was between two designs, both using black-red-gold.
Wirmer suggested a variant of the "Resistance" flag using the black-red-gold scheme in a Nordic Cross pattern designed by his brother and 20 July co-conspirator Josef.
With the enactment of the West German constitution on 23 May , the black-red-gold tricolour was readopted as the flag for the Federal Republic of Germany.
While the use of black-red-gold had been suggested in the Soviet zone in , the Second People's Congress in decided to adopt the old black-white-red tricolour as a national flag for East Germany.
This choice was based on the use of these colours by the National Committee for a Free Germany ,  a German anti- Nazi organisation that operated in the Soviet Union in the last two years of the war.
In , following a suggestion from Friedrich Ebert, Jr. Shipowners benefit from substantial financial support of the German flag.
Different from other flag states the German flag state administration does not seek maximum profit. Seafarers under the German flag benefit from the public German social security system.
A comprehensive accident insurance covers all crew members, regardless of their nationality. The seafarer's special fund Seemannskasse is a unique institution providing an additional pension for elderly seafarers.
The German Maritime Labour Act enforces decent working and living conditions for seafarers on board ships flying the German flag.
Last, but not least you contribute to maintaining the German maritime cluster with its unique shipping know-how by choosing the German flag.
Webcode for this Content: Advantages of the German flag. Shipping registers.